How Serious Is A Jaw Bone Infection?

How Serious Is A Jaw Bone Infection?

Sep 11, 2023

Jaw bone infections can be a serious and concerning condition affecting dental patients and individuals. When an infection occurs in the jaw bone, it can lead to severe pain, discomfort, and potentially life-threatening complications if left untreated. This article will explore the seriousness of a jaw bone infection, its causes, treatment options, and the importance of seeking prompt dental care. So, let’s dive in!

Understanding Jaw Bone InfectionsWhat is a Jaw Bone Infection?

A jaw bone infection, also known as osteomyelitis of the jaw, is characterized by inflammation and infection of the jaw bone. It can occur for various reasons, including tooth decay, gum disease, dental trauma, or infection from other body parts. Bacteria infiltrating the bone tissue can lead to a localized infection and subsequent complications.

Causes and Risk Factors

Jaw bone infections are caused by several factors, such as:

  1. Dental Infections: Tooth decay, abscesses, or untreated gum disease can progress and infect the jaw bone.
  2. Dental Procedures: Certain dental procedures, such as tooth extraction or implant placement, can risk introducing bacteria into the bone.
  3. Facial Trauma: Accidents or injuries that result in fractures or breaks in the jaw bone can provide an entry point for bacteria.
  4. Compromised Immune System: Individuals with weakened immune systems, such as those with diabetes or undergoing chemotherapy, are more susceptible to infections.

Symptoms and Complications

The symptoms of a jaw bone infection may include:

  • Persistent and severe pain in the jaw area
  • Swelling and redness around the infected site
  • Fever and general malaise
  • Difficulty opening the mouth or chewing
  • Drainage of pus or discharge from the gums

If left untreated, a jaw bone infection can lead to serious complications, such as:

  • Spread of infection to surrounding tissues, including the face and neck
  • Formation of abscesses or pockets of pus
  • Damage to adjacent teeth and gums
  • Necrosis (death) of bone tissue
  • Septicemia (blood infection) and systemic complications

Can Jaw Bone Infection Be Cured?

The treatment of a jaw bone infection depends on the severity and extent of the infection. Often, jaw bone infections are effectively cured with prompt and appropriate treatment. The following treatments are options:


In mild cases where the infection is localized and hasn’t spread extensively, antibiotics may be prescribed to eliminate the bacteria causing the infection. It’s important to complete the course of antibiotics as the dental surgeon near you prescribes.

Dental Procedures

In more severe cases, dental procedures may be necessary to remove the source of infection and promote healing. These procedures may include:

  1. Root Canal Treatment: If the infection originates from a tooth, a root canal procedure may remove the infected pulp and disinfect the root canal system.
  2. Tooth Extraction: If the tooth is severely damaged or cannot be saved, extraction may be necessary to eliminate the source of infection.
  3. Bone Grafting: In cases where the infection has caused significant bone loss, bone grafting procedures may be necessary to restore the jaw bone’s structure and promote regeneration.

Surgical Intervention

In rare and severe cases, you may require surgical intervention to remove infected bone tissue and promote healing. This may involve a procedure known as debridement, where the oral surgeon near you removes the infected or dead bone to prevent the spread of infection. In some instances, bone grafting may also be performed to replace the removed bone and facilitate regeneration.

Importance of Prompt Dental Care

Regarding jaw bone infections, seeking prompt dental care is paramount. Ignoring or delaying treatment can lead to infection worsening and potential complications. If you experience any signs or symptoms of a jawbone infection, it is crucial to visit your dentist or oral surgeon as soon as possible. They will evaluate your condition, diagnose properly, and recommend the most appropriate treatment plan.


If you’re looking for quality dental care and treatment of jaw bone grafting near youNeeshat S. Khan, DDS, is here to help. With years of experience and expertise, Dr. Khan and her dedicated team provide comprehensive dental services, including diagnosing and treating jaw bone infections. Dr. Khan’s dental practice is committed to delivering personalized and compassionate care to every patient.



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